Introduction


At AcquestArte you will find expressive art, mainly paintings, graphic art, sculptures and photographic art, in addition to a few glass objects. An art form that you will only occasionally see at AcquestArte is drawing. For the sake of completeness in this section of the website, a few words are said about drawing. Every piece of art at AcquestArte has a label showing the name of the piece of art (at least, if the artist has given the work a name), the name of the artist, the dimensions of the work and a brief description of the type of work, for example, "oil on cardboard". If you would like to know more about the terminology that is used, you will find information regarding the terms and concepts that are used in this section of the website.

painting

Painting is a form of expressive art where the artist applies colour (pigment) as a liquid medium to a surface. Usually, this surface is a cloth stretched over a canvas stretcher (in painting terms also called a canvas) made from linen, semi-linen or unbleached cotton. The background can, however, also be made from wood, paper, cardboard or even stone, metal or plastic. The fundamental difference between painting and other two-dimensional art forms is that paintings work with (emulsified) pigments dissolved in a liquid (painting medium). Through mixing, innumerable nuances and tints of colour and intensity can be achieved. The layers can be applied thinly or thickly (viscous). Paintings are often built up from several transparent layers and contrasting areas of colour, whilst drawing techniques and graphics work with lines and these usually provide immediate coverage. But it is not always possible to rigidly define the boundaries. A painting, also often referred to simply as a "canvas", is always an original. It doesn't matter what type of paint has been used to create the artwork; there is only one of them. It is a unique piece. The types of paint that are used are:


graphic art

Graphic art (also called the art of engraving or etching) is a form of expressive art, where the artists use a printing technique. The artist produces an image to a plate or flat form - for example, text, a photo, lines or drawing - and using viscous printing ink, this image is printed onto a different material. This material is often paper or cardboard, but may also often be tin, glass, fabric or a different material. This enables a series of identical images to be produced. The works resulting from these methods are usually called graphics. Names that are also used are: engravings or prints. The simplest form of printing is stamping. However, the printers of today own advanced printing machines. An artist will have various reasons for using graphic techniques. For example, it is possible that several prints are to be made of his original artwork, enabling more enthusiasts to benefit from that. Graphic art is also cheaper than painting. Another reason might be that the artist is able to express himself better using the graphic techniques. There are several print techniques (some already extremely old) where the distinction is made through the printing form to which the ink is applied:


In contrast with, for example, a painting which is always unique, there are usually several copies of graphic work. A limited number of prints, the number of which is determined by the artist, are generally printed and these are then numbered and signed. If, for example, 3/15 is shown under an etching, this is etching no. 3 of a total print run of 15. In addition to this numbering, the year in which the work was created, his signature and, if applicable, the title of the work, the artist may display the letters e.a. (artist) or a.p. (artists proof) beneath the work. These letters mean that this particular print was one made by the artist for himself. These prints are sometimes extremely sought-after by collectors. Because prints are produced in a print run, in comparison to other art forms, this art form is relatively cheap to buy. In general, the rule is: the smaller the print run, the more expensive the print. An average print run for screen and litho printing is 150 copies; the print run of dry needles or an etching is generally much smaller, because the plate is liable to rapid wear and the quality of the prints generally reduces after a few copies.

AcquestArte's graphic art mainly comprises screen prints, lithos (stone printing) and etching. There are still artists, particularly etchers, who prefer to perform the printing process themselves. Nowadays, however, for lithos and screen printing they usually hire in specialised craftsmen, but they will often still supervise these craftsmen. Andy Warhol made this type of work very popular since the 1960s. Dutch artists such as Corneille, Appel and Brood have built up a vast body of graphic art work. Every print has to be signed by the artist himself.


sculptures

Sculpturing is a technique where the artists remove a portion of a block of material (and the sculpture remains), or the technique where a statue is built up from various materials, generally called 'the sculpture'. The removal of material is as old as civilisation itself. Wood is extremely soft and therefore easy to process. Because wood is susceptible to moisture and external temperatures, before it can be worked it has to first of all be dried and preserved to prevent splitting or bowing. Marble is the stone type most commonly used since ancient times. It is hard and therefore difficult to work. Alabaster that from an aesthetic point of view is comparable to marble, is soft and easy to work. Limestone, granite and sandstone are also popular choices. If the artist creates a three-dimensional form from clay or wax, this is known as a model . Clay pieces are placed in a (stone)oven and heated, resulting in the material becoming hard and durable. Works of art by Bea van Dorpe and Sylvie Van-Haeken are examples of models. They are ceramic artists. The works of Elly Hendrix are examples of "bronzes", metal statues. This is a time-consuming and labour-intensive production process. Link. Assembling is an unusual form of sculpturing. This term is used for pieces of art made from welded metal constructions, where existing elements are adhered to one another. Assembly was often applied during the revolutionary art movements in the first quarter of the 20th century in France, Russia and Germany.


photographic art

Photography concerns creating images of objects and effects using light and radiation. Since the technology was discovered in 1839 there have been discussions about the artistic value of photography. Not all photography is art. Photos record private memories, they lead us into the idealised world of advertising and they confront us with the harsh reality of the world news. We all experience these forms of photography every day. These are therefore much more influential than photographs in art museums. But is a photo really so realistic and mechanical? Photography has an extremely special relationship with reality. A photo seems to be an objective registration, whereas, in fact, beforehand the photographer has made very numerous personal choices: the subject, the camera position, the composition, the moment of pressing the button, the choice for a certain light or type of weather, etc. For that reason, every photographer shows his own vision of reality, where it is no longer possible to deduce exactly what is real and what is false. The photographic image will take on a life of its own. The viewer can create a story in his own head, this is what makes the use of photos in art so exciting. Despite all the discussions, photographers and expressive artists have never let this discourage them from exploring the artistic opportunities of photos. After the Second World War, it became increasingly more common for expressive artists to use photos, often mixed with other techniques. In Pop Art, existing photos were used from newspapers or from advertisements, in addition to everyday objects or painted elements, in order to remove the boundary between art and daily life. In the 1970s and 1980s, photography became a useful "reminder'' of a once-only performance. So-called staged photography stems from this. Artists presented a sort of private show to the camera, often using themselves as models. Art photography gradually distanced itself from everyday reality, which was reinforced further by the increasing options offered by manipulating photos digitally. In the current visual culture, everyone recognises the language of the photograph. It is even more interesting to see whether photography contributes radically to the important issues within contemporary expressive art, and to the expectations that we have of art in these times. Considering the increasing interest in the medium shown by both artists and the general public, this question can only be answered positively.

In addition to museums and companies, increasing numbers of private individuals are also discovering collecting photos. A photographic image is decorative and, at the same time, a window on the world. It is Art Nouveau, the art of looking. By surrounding ourselves with photos that personally appeal to us, we are able to express something of our feeling for life. We are able to display different sides of our taste and style, in a language recognised by everyone in part of the current visual culture. The majority of photos are mounted on alu dibond. Alu dibond is a composite plate comprising two fine layers of aluminium with an intermediary polyethylene core. It is characterised by a high degree of flexibility and the fact that it is lightweight and weatherproof. The printing inks are solvent-free and therefore environmentally friendly and non-toxic. Because of its modern image, alu dibond is particularly suitable for fitting out the home and work environment, both indoors and outdoors. For additional brilliance, unbelievable sharpness and true colour photos, a product that is even more beautiful than the C prints or the Lambda prints can be produced. The photo is framed, finished with a thin acrylic layer or sprayed with an epoxy coating.

drawing

Until the eighteenth century, drawings were mainly seen as sketches or preliminary studies for, in particular, paintings. The drawing itself did not have an independent status. That began to change in the eighteenth century: drawings were increasingly considered to be pieces of art in their own right and valued as such; in particular this was because the so-called 'sprezzatura', the signature of the artist, generally strongly came to the fore. Meanwhile, drawings have acquired the same status as, for example, paintings. For many artists, the appeal of the drawing can be found in the methodical and immediate nature of that drawing. Various materials can be used for drawing, such as charcoal, pencil, pastel and ink.


art movements

interest in art also means that you are faced with a whole range of terms, all of which tell you something about the movements in the field of art. Abstract, figurative, impressionism, expressionism, pop art, realism, romantic, street art and all sorts of terms that you have undoubtedly heard before but don't know, or no longer know, exactly what they mean. This website provides you with a succinct explanation of the meaning of the most commonly used terms: nice and informative but also useful to help you place your piece of art in the correct art historical context.



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