A metal plate is covered with acid-resistant wax. The artist draws on this using different objects, for example, an etching needle. The wax disappears from the areas that the artist draws on. The plate is then submerged in an acid bath which corrodes the exposed areas of the plate (the areas that were drawn on). Ink is then rubbed into the etched plate and the surface is rubbed clean, so that ink only remains in the grooves. The plate is then put through a high-pressure press with a piece of damp paper. Because of the pressure exerted by the press, the ink is pressed out of the etched areas of the plate onto the paper. The etching technique came into existence in the early sixteenth century and was used in the art of printing to reproduce drawings . Rembrandt's work resulted in the etching technique becoming enormously popular.

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